✡️8 The Stuart Dynasty (1603-1714)

Baroque art and architecture, the visual arts and building design and construction produced during the era in the history of Western art that roughly coincides with the 17th century. The earliest manifestations, which occurred in Italy, date from the latter decades of the 16th century, while in some regions, notably Germany and colonial South America, certain culminating achievements of Baroque did not occur until the 18th century. The work that distinguishes the Baroque period is stylistically complex, even contradictory. In general, however, the desire to evoke emotional states by appealing to the senses, often in dramatic ways, underlies its manifestations. Some of the qualities most frequently associated with the Baroque are grandeur, sensuous richness, drama, vitality, movement, tension, emotional exuberance, and a tendency to blur distinctions between the various arts.

 

6. 1600

The Reformation – when millions of people rejected the Roman Catholic Church and turned to ProtestantChurches – was one of the key changes in European history and it had a significant effect on migration to Britain. Europe became divided and there were violent religious wars.

In 1500 England was a Roman Catholic country. By 1750, after the turmoil of the 16th century Reformation and the 17th century civil wars, Britain was the leading Protestant power in Europe. Catholic Spain and France were its main enemies.

By the mid-18th century, British society was more accepting of different religious practices, partly thanks to immigration. Protestant and Jewish communities had their own places of worship and similar freedoms were being offered to Nonconformists and, eventually, Catholics

By the 15th Century however, the world became more globalised than ever before. Exploration led to the development of new trade routes and new understandings of distant lands outside of Europe.

The first printing press was a hugely significant step in creating an ever globalised society, allowing information to spread faster than ever before. The creation of trade routes to the West Indies and beyond led to the importation of exotic goods, such as spices. New sought after commodities arose, and connections across the globe helped form stronger nations across Europe.

Christopher Columbus, Ferdinand Magellan and Amerigo Vespucci were explorers par exc

Migrations at this time were not just driven by the desire to explore new lands, but also by religion and conflict.

Internally within Europe, many movements of people occurred between the 14th and 16th centuries as a result of religious strife.the ostracism of Jews from Spain in the late 1400s.

This era also saw a significant movement of Protestants from the Spanish Netherlands into the Dutch Republic.

By the 1600s, religion motivated the Spanish to expel the Moriscos, and the French to expel the Huguenots.

The movement of people as a result of the Ulster Plantations was intertwined with religion and politics. Politically, by placing Scottish populations into Northern Ireland, King James hoped to create a wider spread sense of loyalty to the crown Religiously, the Scottish people brought Protestantism into the largely Catholic region of Northern Ireland. Language, religion and genetics were changed as a result of this population movement.<span style=”color: #993300;”>EARLY MODERN ERA</span></h5>

MIDDLE MODERN PERIOD 1750 – 1900
The Industrial Revolution 1700 -1900

JAMES I
1615 Heliocentrism
1625 CHARLES I

1649 CHARLES II / COMMONWEALTH / CIVIL WAR

🟥🟥1688 GLORIOUS REVOLUTION / Parliament ⬆️

1689 WILLIAM

:The Age of Exploration and European Colonialism led to an accelerated pace of migration since Early Modern times. In the 16th century perhaps 240,000 Europeans entered American ports.[10] In the 19th century over 50 million people left Europe for the Americas.[11] The local populations or tribes, such as the Aboriginal people in Canada, Brazil, Argentina, Australia, Japan[12] and the United States, were usually far overwhelmed numerically by the settlers. More recent examples are the movement of ethnic Chinese into Tibet and Xinjiang[13], ethnic Javanese into Western New Guinea and Kalimantan[14] (see Transmigration program), Brazilians into Amazonia[15], Israelis into the West Bankand Gaza, ethnic Arabs into Iraqi Kurdistan, and ethnic Russians into Siberia and Central Asia.

and hence to The Revolutionary Period