1503 ‘MONA LISA’


1348 black death

🟥🟥  ‘THE RENAISSANCE’ through to mid-17th c

1425 war of the roses

1440 writing by printing




New world



Early Medieval Period

🔵Early Middle Ages ⏰500 – 1000

800 🔵The Viking Age (793-1066)

[embedyt] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=613nUS1m3j8&height=20&autoplay=on[/embedyt]

Without pedigree collapse, a person’s ancestor tree would, on a binary tree, have 1 billion + ancestors c. Middle Ages .In fact all our common ancestors  stem from c.1250 AD.




🔴🔴🔴🔴 1066 pop of uk < 2million

1100 (64m)

1200 (8m)

1250 (2m) Total Population 2 million !!

1300 (1m) Pop


🔵High Middle Ages ⏰1000 – 1250 (Feudalism 1000 – 1450

At the time of the Domesday Book 1086 England probably had a population of about 2 million. (Much less than in Roman times). However the population grew rapidly. It may have reached about 5 or 6 million by 1300 > The basic government and society in Europe during the middle ages was based around the feudal system. Small communities were formed around the local lord and the manor. The lord owned the land and everything in it. He would keep the peasants safe in return for their service. The lord, in return, would provide the king with soldiers or taxes.

Service for Land

Under the feudal system land was granted to people for service. It started at the top with the king granting his land to a baron for soldiers all the way down to a peasant getting land to grow crops.

The Manor

The center of life in the Middle Ages was the manor. The manor was run by the local lord. He lived in a large house or castle where people would gather for celebrations or for protection if they were attacked. A small village would form around the castle which would include the local church. Farms would then spread out from there which would be worked by the peasants.

Interesting Facts about the Feudal System

Around 90 percent of the people worked the land as peasants.

Peasants worked hard and died young. Most were dead before they reached 30 years old.

The kings believed they were given the right to rule by God. This was called “divine right”.

Lords and Barons swore oaths of homage and fealty to their kings.

The Lord held absolute power

Writing by printing c.1440

Another great wave of invasion came in the 9th century. The Danes conquered North and Eastern England. At that time England was divided into kingdoms and they only one left was the southern kingdom of Wessex led by Alfred the Great. Alfred eventually defeated the Danes and they made a treaty. They split southern and central England between them. The Danes took London, East Anglia and all the territory east of the old Roman road, Watling Street. Alfred took the land west of Watling Street and southern England.

900 However in the 10th century Wessex gradually expanded and took over all the Danish territory. So a single united England was created. The Danish settlers were gradually assimilated into English society


Some geneticists suggest that everybody is at least 50th cousin to each other.

Without pedigree collapse, a person’s ancestor tree would, on a binary tree, have 1 billion + ancestors c. Middle Ages .In fact all our common ancestors  stem from c.1250 AD.

R3 1485


I am an Amateur Gynaecologist with a love of Maidenhair Ferns and a fondness for interpreting Vermeer's Paintings as Metaphors ...

Recommended Articles