the edwardian period prior to ww1

 

Previous

Edwardian politics and society.

The Edwardian Period and the period up to what is called the modern period occupies a small time frame but one in which world and domestic politics were turned on their respective heads. The working classes found their voice in the trade union movement and the role of women in society began, fundamentally to change. Tumult in Government caused King Edward to become embroiled in politics and he became involved in the debacle when the Conservatives in the House of Lords refused to approve the Liberals “Peoples Budget”. The King was so dismayed that he introduced his son as the “the Last King of England” to the Foreign Secretary of the day. He had tried to intervene and urged the Conservatives, Balfour and Lansdowne, to pass the budget. Winston Churchill and Lloyd George were the ‘Radicals’ in the thick of the action proposing change. The people were finding a voice and nothing would ever be the same again. The death of King Edward in 1910 was absorbed as the politics continued to role over daily life. The Parliament Act of 1911 would ultimately resolve the constitutional relationship between the Commons and the Lords. The age old concerns about the role of the monarch and Parliament and the relative roles of the Commons and the Lords had made its final transition. Never again could the Lords of the Land ultimately stop the democratic will of the people.This complex period can be examined more fully in our Edwardian timeline which we are are adding to dynamically.

After the death of King Edward VII.

The times were changing, a World War was approaching and the new king, King George V would steer Britain into the Modern Era.

There would be a change of name for the monarchy and a break with their German past but the world is beginning to creak and the political and economic environment that created conditions for world war just four years after the death of King Edward would create the fractures and fissures that would, for generations, lead us to the present day and the complicated and fractious situation in the Middle East.

THE MODERN ERA
1910 ⭕️George V
➡️Due to his father Albert, Prince Consort, being of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Edward VII inaugurated a new royal house when he succeeded his mother in 1901. George V changed the name of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to the House of Windsor on 17 July 1917,because of wartime anti-German sentiment in the country________

WORLD WAR ONE

The War to End All Wars – Winter 1917/1918

A Tonic for the Troops – on the Western Front

Service was provided at free train stations buffets for soldiers, but the simple uplifting power of a hot cup of tea is often extolled in the wartime periodicals in archives  The cup that cheers but does not inebriate was a welcome warmer in harsh weather conditions, whether on the front lines or the home front.

David Lloyd George famously identified alcohol as the deadlier enemy than Germany or Austria,

making choosing non-alcoholic cheer a small but psychologically significant part of supporting the war effort.

Tea or other drinks to some extent sustained my Grandfather in the trenches

My Grandfather and his brothers, together with their cousins and friends, had fought at THE SOMME …

They had fought and died in an unchanging battle-scene; a static and terrifying ordeal .. they held ground, then lost it ..aimlessly and without respite … Many survived, but were left severely traumatised by the constant horror they had seen and heard; the continuous barrages and the witnessing of violent deaths had left their mark.They returned home, society disregarding their post-war mental condition; they were described as “shell-shocked”

My Grandfather was one of those who survived … William George Brown Birth: 1884 Place: Lurgan,Antrim, Regiment: Royal Irish Fusiliers Rank:Private Service Number: 14032 (He returned home in 1919 … my Dad was 6 years old at the time)

Others… many others, did not survive; they died in cold wet bloodied mud, on foreign ground; alone, calling out for their Mothers Brave soldiers such as my Grand Uncle  L/Corp. Joseph Wilson McNeice

My Great Grandfather, Joshua’s youngest son Joseph Wilson Mcneice; known as Wilson. had signed the Ulster Covenant on 28th Sept 1912 He  lived at 34 George’s Street Lurgan, Co. Armagh: He was 18 years old; with 3 years to live.

His brothers and sisters placed an In Memoriam  for their brother He fought with the ROYAL IRISH RIFLES 2nd Battalion, (Service No.5115)

Birth: 1894 Place: Lurgan, Armagh Regiment: 2nd Royal Irish Rifles Rank: L/Corp. Service Number : 5115 Wounded 01st August 1915 in France.
Died of his wounds, in  London on Wednesday 05th October 1915,
Death: 05th Oct 1915 Place : St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, London  Aged: 21 years

Up to 6,000 attended his funeral – one of the largest funerals in Lurgan at the time.

1900     30.5m
♦️Robert BROWN (1913 – 1974) DAD ♦️
♦️Esther DARLING (1913 – 2007) MUM

________________________________________

INTERBELLUM 1927 world pop  2 billion

1936 ⭕️Edward VIII
1936 ⭕️George VI

THE GEORGIAN ERA & WW II
1939 World War II 1945
1944 (Auschwitz 400,000 murdered) Joan born 6th Nov
1946 ♦️Wes April

___________________

The Space Age & Global Communication
1951 41.2m
1952 ⭕️Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary)960 world pop 3 billion
1974 world pop 4 billion
1987 world pop 5 billion
1999 world pop 6 billion
2000 49.1mYear 2000 world pop 6+Billion011 world pop 7 billion

Year 2017   7 billion

Previous

Edwardian politics and society.

The Edwardian Period and the period up to what is called the modern period occupies a small time frame but one in which world and domestic politics were turned on their respective heads. The working classes found their voice in the trade union movement and the role of women in society began, fundamentally to change. Tumult in Government caused King Edward to become embroiled in politics and he became involved in the debacle when the Conservatives in the House of Lords refused to approve the Liberals “Peoples Budget”. The King was so dismayed that he introduced his son as the “the Last King of England” to the Foreign Secretary of the day. He had tried to intervene and urged the Conservatives, Balfour and Lansdowne, to pass the budget. Winston Churchill and Lloyd George were the ‘Radicals’ in the thick of the action proposing change. The people were finding a voice and nothing would ever be the same again. The death of King Edward in 1910 was absorbed as the politics continued to role over daily life. The Parliament Act of 1911 would ultimately resolve the constitutional relationship between the Commons and the Lords. The age old concerns about the role of the monarch and Parliament and the relative roles of the Commons and the Lords had made its final transition. Never again could the Lords of the Land ultimately stop the democratic will of the people.This complex period can be examined more fully in our Edwardian timeline which we are are adding to dynamically.

After the death of King Edward VII.

The times were changing, a World War was approaching and the new king, King George V would steer Britain into the Modern Era.

There would be a change of name for the monarchy and a break with their German past but the world is beginning to creak and the political and economic environment that created conditions for world war just four years after the death of King Edward would create the fractures and fissures that would, for generations, lead us to the present day and the complicated and fractious situation in the Middle East.