MEDIEVAL TIMES

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted from the 5th to the late 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and transitioned into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery.

In 1066, a Norman expedition invaded and conquered England. The Norman dynasty established by William the Conqueror ruled England for over half a century before the period of succession crisis known as the Anarchy (1135–1154). Following the Anarchy, England came under the rule of the House of Plantagenet, a dynasty which later inherited claims to the Kingdom of France. During this period, Magna Carta was signed. A succession crisis in France led to the Hundred Years’ War(1337–1453), a series of conflicts involving the peoples of both nations. Following the Hundred Years’ Wars, England became embroiled in its own succession wars. The Wars of the Roses pitted two branches of the House of Plantagenet against one another, the House of York and the House of Lancaster. The Lancastrian Henry Tudor ended the War of the Roses and established the Tudor dynasty in 1485.

1250 MRCA

 

1250 MRCA

LATE MIDDLE AGES

1284 principality of Wales is incorporated inti kingdom and a Prince of wales is created1272 ⭕️Edward I

 

1307 ⭕️Edward II (routed at Bannockburn, and murdered in Berkeley Castle)

1327 ⭕️Edward III (plunged England into fruitless ‘100 Years War’)

1377 ⭕️Richard II (deposed & died mysteriously in Pontefract Castle)

1399 ⭕️Henry IV (400m world pop )

1413 ⭕️Henry V

1422 ⭕️Henry VI to 1461 (deposed)

1445 Botticelli

1450 H Bosch

1455 🔹THE WAR OF THE ROSES 🔹 1485

1461 ⭕️Edward IV

1471 Durer

1473 Copernicus

1483 ⭕️Edward V /⭕️Richard I

LATE MIDDLE AGES

1272 ⭕️Edward I

1307 ⭕️Edward II (routed at Bannockburn, and murdered in Berkeley Castle)

1327 ⭕️Edward III (plunged England into fruitless ‘100 Years War’)

1377 ⭕️Richard II (deposed & died mysteriously in Pontefract Castle)

1399 ⭕️Henry IV (400m world pop )

1413 ⭕️Henry V

1422 ⭕️Henry VI to 1461 (deposed)

1445 Botticelli

1450 H Bosch

1455 🔹THE WAR OF THE ROSES 🔹 1485

1461 ⭕️Edward IV

1471 Durer

1473 Copernicus

1483 ⭕️Edward V /⭕️Richard I

HIGH MIDDLE AGES 1000-1250 (Feudalism 1000 – 1450)

1060s England a powerful centralised state with strong military & successful economy.

1066 🔵BATTLE OF HASTINGS

1066 ⭕️William I  1066 – 1087 (William the Conqueror) pop of uk < 2m

1086   Domesday Book (Pop 2m – much less than in Roman times)

1087 ⭕️William II  (WC Son)  (no Issue)

1100 ⭕️Henry I (WC Son) (No sons) daughter Matilda   Pop 2m 

1135 ⭕️Stephen (WC nephew)  Mother Adela

PLANTAGENET

1154 ⭕️Henry II  (son of Matilda m.Geoff PLANTAGENET)

1189 ⭕️Richard I (H2 son) (Richard Coeur de Lion)  (no Issue)

1199 ⭕️John (his brother)  (Magna Carta)

1200 ↘️↘️(4m .. entire population are my antecedents)↙️↙️

1216 ⭕️Henry III (son) 

1250 (2m) 

1250 MRCA

LATE MIDDLE AGES

1272 ⭕️Edward I

1307 ⭕️Edward II (routed at Bannockburn, and murdered in Berkeley Castle)

1327 ⭕️Edward III (plunged England into fruitless ‘100 Years War’)

1377 ⭕️Richard II (deposed & died mysteriously in Pontefract Castle)

1399 ⭕️Henry IV (400m world pop )

1413 ⭕️Henry V

1422 ⭕️Henry VI to 1461 (deposed)

1445 Botticelli

1450 H Bosch

1455 🔹THE WAR OF THE ROSES 🔹 1485

1461 ⭕️Edward IV

1471 Durer

1473 Copernicus

1483 ⭕️Edward V /⭕️Richard III 500)

Out of the dark Ages into the Light (Renaissance)