Root Ancestor Block
315 ROOT homo sapiens speciation begins
270 ADAM
230 EVE
200 🔴CA
100 OOA ➡️Levant➡️❌
70 east asia
60/50 ➡️OOA➡️✅
50 🔴CA
45 Upper Paleolithic
45 Australia
35 SIBERIA➡️Bering Plain
30 Japan
16-11CAUCASOID phenotype
20-15Beringia ➡️NAmerica Sea⬇️450feet
evolution in old world only ends
18500 Siberian 🔴HAPLOG R1
R1b ➡️West Europe10
R1b1a 15
Rib1a1a2 5
ROOT ANCESTOR / AMH 315 (Speciation begins) > 1million ?R-U106

🟪1♦️315 Archaic Homo sapiens

ROOT ANCESTOR 315 When the age of speciation of H. sapiens out of ancestral H. erectus (or an intermediate species such as Homo heidelbergensis) is estimated to have taken place 300,000 to 200,000 neanderthalensis in europe asia / sapiens in africa and slowly but surely became man, this man was similar to how we are today all the other subspecies of Homo became extinct

300-125,000  H.rhodesiensis

300 appearance of Homo sapiens, in Jebel Morocco.

280,000 first complex stone blades and grinding stones

270👤Y-DNA haplogroup A00 (“Adam”) 270👤➡️age of Y-DNA haplogroup A00 (“Y-chromosomal”)

🟪Adam & Eve (237-581kya) 🔹Y-chromosomal Adam (Y-MRCA) is the patrilineal most recent common ancestor from whom all Y-DNA in living men is descended. An identification of a very rare and previously unknown Y-chromosome variant in 2012 led researchers to estimate that Y-chromosomal Adam lived 338,000 years ago (237,000 to 581,000 years ago with 95% confidence), judging from molecular clock and genetic marker studies.[2] Before this discovery, estimates of the date when Y-chromosomal Adam lived were much more recent, estimated to be tens of thousands of years.
🔹mitochondrial EVE 200
250  🔵Migrations

250 to 130,000 MIGRATION OOA

250 first appearance of H.neanderthalensis (Saccopastore skulls)

250-200 modern human presence in West Asia (Misliya cave)


240🙋‍♀️ mtdna

230👤➡️mt-DNA haplogroup L (“Eve”) 230-150

230 Neanderthals appear and are found across Europe, from Britain in the west to Iran until they become extinct with the advent of modern humans 28 kya

220 Ancestry mt-DNA270 y-DNA
200 🔴TMRCA
200🔺MRCA (suggested time)
200 mtDNA


Middle Paleolithic/Middle Stone Age (about 300,000-45,000 Years Ago)

The Middle Paleolithic period witnessed the evolution of Neanderthals and the first anatomically and eventually behaviorally modern Homo sapiens.

All of the living members of our species, Homo sapiens, are descended from a single population in Africa. During the Middle Paleolithic, H. sapiens first left from northern Africa to colonize the Levant between about 100,000-90,000 years ago, but those colonies failed. The earliest successful and permanent Homo sapiens occupations outside of Africa date to about 60,000 years ago.

Achieving what scholars call behavioral modernity was a long, slow process, but some of the first glimmers arose in the Middle Paleolithic, such as the development of sophisticated stone tools, caring for the elderly, hunting and gathering, and some amount of symbolic or ritual behavior.

🟪MIGRATION OOA 250➡️ 200 migration towards if not to Europe

➡️➡️➡️➡️➡️➡️➡️➡️🟪2♦️160 AMH (Anatomically Modern Human) Homo sapiens⬅️⬅️⬅️⬅️⬅️⬅️⬅️⬅️⬅️⬅️⬅️

50 upper Paleolithic Migration into Europe
40k MigrationInto Europe
40k-10k cromagnon man
PALEOLITHIC ENDS at Holocene epoch

👤200,000 🔺MRCA (suggested time) Definition of haplogroups
Haplogroups are mtDNA sequence polymorphism variations that have occurred over more than 150 000 years and correlate with the geographic origins of populations traced through the maternal lineages. The oldest haplogroups are from Africa and with geographic migration and climate adaptations, European, Asian, and Native American haplogroups have evolved.4 Each haplogroup has related patterns of mtDNA sequences (haplotypes) that represent that population. If

🔴A0-T (A-L1085)
👤🙋‍♀️Age of mtDNA haplogroup ♦️L0
OOA Migration

↘️100 The Levant
↘️70 E.Asia
↘️30 🔵Europe colonised
🔴8 AGES FROM UPPER PAL 45k TO neolithic 6k

The Paleolithic is followed in Europe by the Mesolithic, although the date of the transition varies geographically by several thousand years.

During the Paleolithic, hominins grouped together in small societies such as bands, and subsisted by gathering plants and fishing, hunting or scavenging wild animals.The Paleolithic is characterized by the use of knapped stone tools, although at the time humans also used wood and bone tools. Other organic commodities were adapted for use as tools, including leather and vegetable fibers; however, due to their nature, these have not been preserved to any great degree.

🔹50,000 years ago, there was a marked increase in the diversity of artifacts. In Africa, bone artifacts and the first art appear in the archaeological record. The first evidence of human fishing is also noted, from artifacts in places such as Blombos cave in South Africa. Archaeologists classify artifacts of the last 50,000 years into many different categories, such as projectile points, engraving tools, knife blades, and drilling and piercing tools.

During the end of the Paleolithic, specifically the Middle and or Upper Paleolithic, humans began to produce the earliest works of art and began to engage in religious and spiritual behavior such as burial and ritual

 The climate during the Paleolithic consisted of a set of glacial and interglacial periods in whiuch the climate periodically fluctuated between warm and cool temperatures. Archaeological and genetic data suggest that the source populations of Paleolithic humans survived in sparsely wooded areas and dispersed through areas of high primary productivity while avoiding dense forest cover and through to HISTORYHistory begins … ▪️Writing ▪️ Antiquity ▪️Roman Britain