MEDIEVAL TIMES

  • Ancestry

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    In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted from the 5th to the late 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and transitioned into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery.

    In 1066, a Norman expedition invaded and conquered England. The Norman dynasty established by William the Conqueror ruled England for over half a century before the period of succession crisis known as the Anarchy (1135–1154). Following the Anarchy, England came under the rule of the House of Plantagenet, a dynasty which later inherited claims to the Kingdom of France. During this period, Magna Carta was signed. A succession crisis in France led to the Hundred Years’ War(1337–1453), a series of conflicts involving the peoples of both nations. Following the Hundred Years’ Wars, England became embroiled in its own succession wars. The Wars of the Roses pitted two branches of the House of Plantagenet against one another, the House of York and the House of Lancaster. The Lancastrian Henry Tudor ended the War of the Roses and established the Tudor dynasty in 1485.

    🟪1250 MRCA

    ♦️♦️ Start of My Ancestry Proper ♦️♦️
    If you consider the number of a given individual’s ancestors who were alive at a certain time , it is likely that for most individuals this maximises at around 1250 AD. Some geneticists believe that everybody on Earth is at least 50th cousin to everybody else
    1272 Edward I

    1250-1500

    Plantagenet 1399

    Famine / Black Death / War of the Roses

    England probably had a population of about 2 million. (Much less than in Roman times). However the population grew rapidly. It may have reached about 5 or 6 million by 1300307 Edward II  (routed at Bannockburn, and murdered in Berkeley Castle)

    1327 Edward III  (plunged England into fruitless ‘100 Years War’)

    1345 Completion of NOTRE DAME

    1377 Richard II  (deposed & died mysteriously in Pontefract Castle)

    1399 Henry IV (400m world pop )
    ____________________________________________________________________
    The 14th century in England saw the Great Famine and the Black Death, catastrophic events that killed around half of England’s population, throwing the economy into chaos and undermining the old political order. Social unrest followed, resulting in the Peasants’ Revolt of 1381, while the changes in the economy resulted in the emergence of a new class of gentry, and the nobility began to exercise power through a system termed bastard feudalism. Nearly 1,500 villages were deserted by their inhabitants and many sought new opportunities in the towns and cities. New technologies were introduced, and England produced some of the great medieval philosophers and natural scientists. English kings in the 14th and 15th centuries laid claim to the French throne, resulting in the Hundred Years’ War. At times England enjoyed huge military success, with the economy buoyed by profits from the international wool and cloth trade

    1300 5 million  ♦️1 million virtual direct ancestors
    1307 Edward II  (routed at Bannockburn, and murdered in Berkeley Castle)

    1320  FAMINE in England   (Agricultural crisis)

    1327 Edward III  (plunged England into fruitless ‘100 Years War’)

    1348-49 The Black Death reached England 1/3 died
    It killed about 1/3 of the world’s population of 450m to 350m

    (The plague returned again and again the pop severely reduced by perhaps 50%)

    1350 (2 m)   ♦️520,000 putative ancestors

    1377 Richard II  (deposed & died mysteriously in Pontefract Castle)

    1391 John SCARBOROUGH (1391 – 1473) my 16th great-grandfather (1/128k ggf)

    1399 Henry IV (400m world pop )

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    1399 Lancaster 1471 & 1460 York 1485

    1400 back to 2 perhaps 2.5 million ♦️130,000
    1413 Henry V

    1422 Henry VI  to 1461 (deposed)

    1425 War of the Roses  1485     ♦️65,000     440 John Scarburgh (1440 – 1472) son of John Scarburgh445 Sandro Botticelli

    1450 H Bosch ♦️32,8001450 the country was in crisis, facing military failure in France and an ongoing recession. More social unrest broke out, followed by the
    80

    1450                               ♦️32,800

    1453 Fall of Constantinople

    ♦️ 1440moveable printing end of war of roses

    columbus globalisation trade and people to the new world

    1452 (15th Apr) LEONARDO DA VINC1452 LEONARDO 1519

    1455 THE WAR OF THE ROSES 1485

    1461 Edward IV
    1467 Henry Scarburgh (1467 – 1528) son of John Scarburgh

    1471 Albrecht Durer

    1473 Copernicus

    1483 Edward V /Richard III

    1485 Henry VII

    WAR OF THE ROSES Richard III (York) Killed at Bosworth Field 1485

    1485 Henry VII’s (Lancaster) victory convent. marks the end of the Middle Ages and the start of the Early Modern period.

    1495 John Scarborough III (1495 – 1540)son of Henry Scarburgh_

    1250 MRCA

    LATE MIDDLE AGES

    1284 principality of Wales is incorporated inti kingdom and a Prince of wales is created1272 ⭕️Edward I

     

    1307 ⭕️Edward II (routed at Bannockburn, and murdered in Berkeley Castle)

    1327 ⭕️Edward III (plunged England into fruitless ‘100 Years War’)

    1377 ⭕️Richard II (deposed & died mysteriously in Pontefract Castle)

    1399 ⭕️Henry IV (400m world pop )

    1413 ⭕️Henry V

    1422 ⭕️Henry VI to 1461 (deposed)

    1445 Botticelli

    1450 H Bosch

    1455 🔹THE WAR OF THE ROSES 🔹 1485

    1461 ⭕️Edward IV

    1471 Durer

    1473 Copernicus

    1483 ⭕️Edward V /⭕️Richard I

    LATE MIDDLE AGES

    1272 ⭕️Edward I

    1307 ⭕️Edward II (routed at Bannockburn, and murdered in Berkeley Castle)

    1327 ⭕️Edward III (plunged England into fruitless ‘100 Years War’)

    1377 ⭕️Richard II (deposed & died mysteriously in Pontefract Castle)

    1399 ⭕️Henry IV (400m world pop )

    1413 ⭕️Henry V

    1422 ⭕️Henry VI to 1461 (deposed)

    1445 Botticelli

    1450 H Bosch

    1455 🔹THE WAR OF THE ROSES 🔹 1485

    1461 ⭕️Edward IV

    1471 Durer

    1473 Copernicus

    1483 ⭕️Edward V /⭕️Richard I

     

    1250 (2m)

    Late Medieval (1250-1485)
    1250 MRCA (my ancestral trail begins)
    LATE MIDDLE AGES
    1272 ⭕️Edward I
    1297📕Wang Chen new Printing methods
    ………………………………………………
    1300
    🔹Plantagenet (1154–1485)
    1307 🇬🇧 EDWARD II 1307 ⭕️Edward II (routed at Bannockburn, and murdered in Berkeley Castle)
    👤 (NOTE 18 generations 555 Years)
    1327 🇬🇧 EDWARD III
    1337 The Hundred Years’ War (1337–1453) fruitless war
    1345 🔹Completion of NOTRE DAME
    1346 The Plague (Black Death)
    1377 🇬🇧 RICHARD II (no issue) (deposed & died mysteriously in Pontefract Castle)
    1391 👩‍🦰John SCARBOROUGH (1391 – 1473) g16 grandfather (1/128k ggf)
    🎻Medieval Music
    ………………………………………………
    1400 Early Renaissance
    🎻Renaissance Music
    1399 🇬🇧 HENRY IV (L) (400m world pop
    1413 🇬🇧 HENRY V (L)
    1422 🇬🇧 HENRY VI (L) to 1461(deposed)
    1445 🔹Sandro Botticelli
    1450 🔹H Bosch
    1450 📕Johannes Gutenberg develops the Press in Mainz, Germany ** replacing wood with metal and printing blocks with each letter ➡️European version of moveable type.
    1452 (15th Apr) ➡️ LEONARDO DA VINCI (15/04/1452-1519)
    1455 🩸THE WAR OF THE ROSES (22/5/1455 – 1487)
    1461 🇬🇧 EDWARD IV (Y)
    1470 🇬🇧 HENRY VI (L) (returns)
    1479 📕PRINTING establishing in Bruges with William CAXTON (c.1422-1496)
    1471 🇬🇧 EDWARD IV (Y) (returns)
    1471 🔹Albrecht Durer
    1473 🔹Copernicus
    1476 📕1st English PRINTING PRESS *** (500 years after China)
    1483 🇬🇧 EDWARD V (Y) / 🇬🇧 RICHARD III (Y)
    1485 BOSWORTH (R III killed/HENRY TUDOR wins)
    1487 🩸16th June

    NOTE
    Initial Yorkist victory
    House of York reigns for most of the period
    Extinction of the House of Lancaster
    House of Tudor inherits the Lancastrian claim
    Eventual Lancastrian victory
    Final Yorkist defeat
    End of the Plantagenet dynasty
    Establishment of the Tudor dynasty
    🟠End of the middle ages in England
    Dawn of the English Renaissance

    1250 MRCA

    LATE MIDDLE AGES

    1272 ⭕️Edward I

    1307 ⭕️Edward II (routed at Bannockburn, and murdered in Berkeley Castle)

    1327 ⭕️Edward III (plunged England into fruitless ‘100 Years War’)

    1377 ⭕️Richard II (deposed & died mysteriously in Pontefract Castle)

    1399 ⭕️Henry IV (400m world pop )

    1413 ⭕️Henry V

    1422 ⭕️Henry VI to 1461 (deposed)

    1445 Botticelli

    1450 H Bosch

    1455 🔹THE WAR OF THE ROSES 🔹 1485

    1461 ⭕️Edward IV

    1471 Durer

    1473 Copernicus

    1483 ⭕️Edward V /⭕️Richard III 500)

    Out of the dark Ages into the Light (Renaissance)