Ancestry AD History 3 Late Middle Ages (1250 to 1500)
- 19 August 2019
- History Category
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1250 Our Common Ancestors all lived about this time ~ ancestors to all of us on Earth now
The starting point for all our
AD 1400 The Age Of Discovery
The Age of Discovery relates to the period from the 15th to the 18th Century, when Europe experienced great changes in the understanding of the world. It was at this time that explorers discovered the world was not flat through the first circumnavigation of the earth. The exploration was driven by many factors, including the desire to seek new lands, set up new trade routes and to expand the Christian religion. This was a period shaped by globalisation and movement of people. Globalisation is by no means a modern phenomena, and it can be argued that it has been happening since the first ancient trade routes or the first movement of people out of Africa. By the 15th Century however, the world became more globalised than ever before. Exploration led to the development of new trade routes and new understandings of distant lands outside of Europe. The first printing press was a hugely significant step in creating an ever globalised society, allowing information to spread faster than ever before. The creation of trade routes to the West Indies and beyond led to the importation of exotic goods, such as spices. New sought after commodities arose, and connections across the globe helped form stronger nations across Europe. Christopher Columbus, Ferdinand Magellan and Amerigo Vespucci were key pioneers from the 15th Century who dedicated their lives to navigating the globe. The Age of Discovery was characterised by colonisation, expansion and exploitation.
Migrations at this time were not just driven by the desire to explore new lands, but also by religion and conflict. Internally within Europe, many movements of people occurred between the 14th and 16th centuries as a result of religious strife. Many of the migrations were forced, such as the ostracism of Jews from Spain in the late 1400s. This era also saw a significant movement of Protestants from the Spanish Netherlands into the Dutch Republic. By the 1600s, religion motivated the Spanish to expel the Moriscos, and the French to expel the Huguenots. The movement of people as a result of the Ulster Plantations was intertwined with religion and politics. Politically, by placing Scottish populations into Northern Ireland, King James hoped to create a wider spread sense of loyalty to the crown. Religiously, the Scottish people brought Protestantism into the largely Catholic region of Northern Ireland. Language, religion and genetics were changed as a result of this population movement.