The Edwardian Era
AD History 1800 >
History 1800 – 2000
During the Industrial Revolution. People, from young children and up, start to work in often dangerous factories for very little money and up to 16 hours a day.
1812-1815 The War of 1812 between the United States and England.
1815 The gigantic Mount Tambora volcanic eruption, which causes very problematic worldwide temperature drops. 1816 becomes the “Year without summer.”
1820 In January a Russian expedition becomes the first to report a sighting of the Antarctic mainland, followed two days later by the British and 10 months later by the Americans. Ever since the ancient Greeks (Aristotle) introduced the idea, there had been the theory of a large continent existing in the south: Terra Australis. Between the 15th and 18th centuries the continent was even drawn on maps, even though no evidence of Antarctica had been found yet. The name Terra Australis had already been given to Asutralia by the time that Antarctica was found.
1839-1842 First Opium War between England and China breaks out after China tries to stop the British from swamping its country with opium.
1850 Oil drilling starts to become popular.
1853-1856 Crimean War, surrounding the Black Sea, between the Russian Empire and an alliance of France, Britain, the Ottoman Empire, and Sardinia, as well as an officially neutral Austria.
1856-1860 Second Opium War between England and China.
1859 Darwin‘s Origin of Species is published.
1861-1865 American Civil War between the North (Union) and the South (Confederacy).
1866 Russian Tsarist Empire at its greatest, spanning from Poland to Alaska and down to the border with Iran and Afghanistan.
1872 The Russian Empire sells Alaska to the Americans, after sea otters, bears, wolves, and foxes have gone almost extinct and no profit is to be made anymore. Alaska is also sold because of regular Indian revolts and competition with the Hudson’s Bay Company.
1883 Krakatoa volcanic eruption and tsunami in Indonesia. Tens of thousands die. The eruption doesn’t have the global impact Mount Tambora had earlier in the century.
1894-1895 First Sino-Japanese War between China and Japan over control of Korea.
1908 Tunguska asteroid impact of about 15 megatons of TNT in Siberia. The blast levels and area of about 45 by 45 km (28 x 28 miles) of forest. At 65 km (40 miles) people still felt they were getting burned when outside and were blown off their feet.
1908 A 12-meter (39-foot) tsunami hits the coasts of Italy and Sicily, killing tens of thousandsThe WWI
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