🔵High Middle Ages ⏰1000 – 1250 (Feudalism 1000 – 1450

At the time of the Domesday Book 1086 England probably had a population of about 2 million. (Much less than in Roman times). However the population grew rapidly. It may have reached about 5 or 6 million by 1300

With the death of Edgar, the royal succession became problematic.

978 Æthelred took power in following the murder of his brother Edward, but England was then invaded by Sweyn Forkbeard, the son of a Danish king.

1013 Attempts to bribe Sweyn not to attack using danegeld payments failed, and he took the throne 

1016 Swein’s son, Cnut, liquidated many of the older English families following his seizure of power

1042 Æthelred’s son, Edward the Confessor, had survived in exile in Normandy and returned to claim the throne in 1042.

Edward was childless, and the succession again became a concern.

England became dominated by the Godwin family, who had taken advantage of the Danish killings to acquire huge wealth. 

1066 When Edward died Harold Godwinson claimed the throne, defeating his rival Norwegian claimant, Harald Hardrada, at the battle of Stamford Bridge.


HIGH MIDDLE AGES 1000-1250 (Feudalism 1000 – 1450)

1060s England a powerful centralised state with strong military & successful economy.


1066 ⭕️William I  1066 – 1087 (William the Conqueror) pop of uk < 2m

1086   Domesday Book (Pop 2m – much less than in Roman times)

1087 ⭕️William II  (WC Son)  (no Issue)

1100 ⭕️Henry I (WC Son) (No sons) daughter Matilda   Pop 2m 

1135 ⭕️Stephen (WC nephew)  Mother Adela


1154 ⭕️Henry II  (son of Matilda m.Geoff PLANTAGENET)

1189 ⭕️Richard I (H2 son) (Richard Coeur de Lion)  (no Issue)

1199 ⭕️John (his brother)  (Magna Carta)

1200 ↘️↘️(4m .. entire population are my antecedents)↙️↙️

1216 ⭕️Henry III (son) 

1250 (2m) 


Norman invasion of England in 1066 led to the defeat and replacement of the Anglo-Saxon elite with Norman and French nobles and their supporters. William the Conqueror and his successors took over the existing state system, repressing local revolts and controlling the population through a network of castles. The new rulers introduced a feudal approach to governing England, eradicating the practice of slavery but creating a much wider body of unfree labourers called serfs. The position of women in society changed as laws regarding land and lordship shifted. England’s population more than doubled during the 12th and 13th centuries, fuelling an expansion of the towns, cities and trade, helped by warmer temperatures across Northern Europe. A new wave of monasteries and friaries were established, while ecclesiastical reforms led to tensions between successive kings and archbishops. Despite developments in England’s governance and legal system, infighting between the Anglo-Norman elite resulted in multiple civil wars and the loss of Normandy.


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