A.D. – Anno Domini

Iron Age ends
🔵The Roman Era (27BC to 476AD)
🔵Roman Britain
43 AD the Romans invaded Britain
The population of Roman Britain was probably about 4 million.Roman towns would seem small to us. The largest town, London, may have had a population of only 35,000. The next largest town was probably Colchester with a population of around 12,000. Roman Cirencester may have had a population of 10,000.

⏰ 290 – 700
MIGRATION PERIOD IN EUROPE

In the 4th century Roman civilization declined and in 407 AD the last Roman soldiers left England. Afterwards the population shrank
It may have fallen to less than half its Roman level)
That may have been partly due to a terrible plague that struck Europe in the 6th Century).

400+ After the Romans departed Germanic peoples, the Angles, Saxons and Jutes landed in England and they gradually conquered it. However many Celts survived and were assimilated into Saxon society
However the Saxons never gained effective control of Cornwall
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🔵Early Middle Ages ⏰500 – 1000
(500 Plague)
(Early Medieval Period)
(aka.the Dark Ages ie.lacking culture)
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800 🔵The Viking Age (793-1066)
Another great wave of invasion came in the 9th century. The Danes conquered North and Eastern England. At that time England was divided into kingdoms and they only one left was the southern kingdom of Wessex led by Alfred the Great. Alfred eventually defeated the Danes and they made a treaty. They split southern and central England between them. The Danes took London, East Anglia and all the territory east of the old Roman road, Watling Street. Alfred took the land west of Watling Street and southern England.
900 However in the 10th century Wessex gradually expanded and took over all the Danish territory. So a single united England was created. The Danish settlers were gradually assimilated into English society
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1066 🔵BATTLE OF HASTINGS
🔴🔴🔴🔴 1066 pop of uk < 2million
1100 (64m)
1200 (8m)
1250 (2m) Total Population 2 million !!
1300 (1m) Pop 4m
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🔵High Middle Ages ⏰1000 – 1250 (Feudalism 1000 – 1450
At the time of the Domesday Book 1086 England probably had a population of about 2 million. (Much less than in Roman times). However the population grew rapidly. It may have reached about 5 or 6 million by 1300
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🔵Late Middle Ages ⏰1250 – 1500
⏰1300 4 million ♦️1 million
⏰1320 FAMINE in England (Agricultural crisis)
⏰1348-49 🔵The Black Death reached England 1/3 died
It killed about 1/3 of the world’s population of 450m to 350m
(The plague returned again and again the pop severely reduced by perhaps 50%)
1350 (2 m) ♦️520,000
1400 (pop 2.5 million ) ♦️130,000

1400 back to 2 perhaps 2.5 million
1470 32,800

1425 War of the Roses ♦️65,000
1450 ♦️32,800
1453 Fall of Constantinople
🔵moveable printing 🔵end of war of roses
columbus 🔵globalisation ➡️trade and people to the ➡️new world

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1500 🔵EARLY MODERN (1500 – 1750)
Maude WILL (1497 – 1551) (♦️1of 16,400 antecedents)
Protestant REFORMATION (1500-1600)
♦️Maude WILL (1497 – 1551) My 12th great-grandmother
One of 8,000 ggrandmothers alive 500 years ago
Most were probably from England
Some coming over from Holland Germany France
1500 pop about 3million ♦️16,000
♦️Henry SCARBOROUGH (1521 – 1606)
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🔵ELIZABETHAN AGE 1558 1603
⏰1575 ♦️4,096 E Shoosmith g10
Edmund SCARBOROUGH (1584 – 1634)
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🔵JACOBEAN Age 1603 1625
1600 Pop England c. 3.5m ♦️2,000 (UK Pop 4.1m)
Charles (I) born
1603 Mar 24 Death of Queen Elizabeth I
1612 Nov 6 Charles becomes heir to the throne
1617 ♦️b.W Shoosmith g9 (James I travels to Scotland)
Edmund SCARBOROUGH (1617 – 1671)
🔵1625 Mar 27 Charles I becomes King of England
May 11 Proxy marriage of Charles and Henrietta Maria
Jun Charles’ First Parliament
Jun 13 Charles marries Henrietta Maria
Aug 🔴Plague

1626 Feb Charles’ Second Parliament
Feb Plague lessens
Feb 2 Charles crowned
Jun 15 Charles’ second Parliament dissolved

1628 Mar Charles’ Third Parliament
Jun 26 Parliament dissolved
Aug 23 Buckingham murdered

1629 May 13 Birth of Charles’s first child

1630 May 29 Charles (II) born
Jul 15 Cromwell defends rights

1631 Birth of Princess Mary

1633 Feb 🔴London Bridge Fire
Apr 10 Bananas first seen in England
Oct 14 Birth of James (II, King of England and Scotland)

1639 May Charles advances on Scotland
Jun 18 Treaty of Berwick

1640
Caerlaverock Castle captured
Apr 13 The Short Parliament
Jul 8 Henry Stuart born
Aug 20 Scots invade the north of England
Aug 28 Battle of Newburn Bridge
Sep 24 The Great Council called
Oct 26 The Treaty of Ripon
Nov 3 The Long Parliament
♦️1,024 (b.1641) E Shoosmith b.Edward Button (1620)
1641 Feb Marriage negotiations
Mar 22 Trial of Earl Strafford begins
May 12 Strafford Executed
Oct 🔴Irish Rebellion
Nov 22 Grand Remonstrance
Dec 21 William Balfour dismissed

1642 Canterbury Cathedral vandalised
Armies gather weapons
Jan 4 Charles attempts arrests
Feb 13 Charles agrees to Bishops’ Exclusion Bill
Feb 23 The Queen looks for support
Mar Earl of Warwick takes control of navy
Apr 🔴Robert Monro attacks the Irish
Apr 23 Charles refused entry to Hull
Aug 21 Dover Castle captured
Aug 22 Charles I raises standard at Nottingham Castle
Sep Prince Rupert at Leicester
Sep 9 Earl of Essex leaves London
Sep 13 Charles leaves Nottingham
Sep 20 Charles reaches Shrewsbury
Sep 23 Royalist victory at Powick Bridge
Oct 12 Charles leaves Shrewsbury
Oct 23 🔴Battle of Edgehill
Oct 27 Banbury captured by Royalists
Oct 29 Charles makes Oxford his base
Nov 4 Prince Rupert attacks Windsor Castle

1643 Dartmouth Castle siege
Feb 22 Queen Henrietta Maria returns
Mar Lichfield under siege
Mar 24 Waller gets Royalist surrender
Apr 13 Battle of Ripple Field
Apr 20 Prince Rupert retakes Lichfield
May Destruction of (Old) Wardour Castle
Jul 5 Battle of Lansdowne Hill
Jul 10 Royalists cornered at Devizes
Jul 13 Battle of Roundway Down
Aug Corfe Castle rescued
Dec 20 Arundel Castle Siege
♦️Matilda SCARBOROUGH (1644 – 1721)

1644 Beeston Castle under Royalist control
Caernarvon Castle captured
The Scots invade northern England
Feb Haverfordwest Castle falls
Mar 29 Battle of Cheriton
May Advance on Oxford
Jun Rupert advances on York
Jun 29 Battle of Cropredy Bridge
Jul 2 Battle of Marston Moor
Jul 16 York falls to the Parliamentarians
Sep 2 Royalist victory at Lostwithiel
Oct 27 Second battle of Newbury
Nov 9 Charles returns to Donnington
Dec 9 Parliament debates the failures of the army
Dec 19 Self-Denying Ordinance

1645 Feb 15 The Lords passes the Ordinance
Mar Cromwell rejoins his army
Jun 14 🔴Battle of Naseby
Jun 18 Leicester Surrenders
Jul 10 Battle of Langport
Jul 21 Bridgwater falls to Fairfax
Jul 29 Bath falls to the Parliamentarians
Aug 15 Sherborne Castle taken by Fairfax
Aug 18 Montrose enters Glasgow
Sep Royalist losses
Sep 10 Royalists surrender Bristol
Sep 13 Battle of Philiphaugh
Sep 24 Battle of Rowton Heath
Sep 26 Berkeley Castle falls to Parliamentarians
Nov Beeston falls to the Parliamentarians
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1650 ♦️512 5.3 m (uk) 100,000 scots to 🔴NIreland
♦️1,024
1666 Richard George born ♦️G8Grandfather 🔲🔲Plague Time
1670 (1666) W Shoesmith g7 Randolph (1655)
♦️Mary WEST (1670 – 1767)
🔵1688 THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION absol monarchy to constitutional momarch parliament hade more say _______________________________________________________
1700🔵🔵INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION (1700 1900)
♦️John NALDER (1695 – 1795)
🔵🔵 AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT (1700 -1800)
1700 ♦️256M Shoesmith g6 Randolph(1687) 5.2 m (uk)
🔵🔵GEORGIAN ERA 1714 1830🔵🔵
1725 ♦️128
♦️Maria NALDER (1726 – 1796)
1735 (1737) S Stace g5 (128) Will Button (1714)
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1750
MID – MODERN (1750 – 1914)
♦️William DARLING (1748 – 1828)
1770 ♦️64 (b.1769) S Stace Will Button (b.1746) 5.74m
♦️Joseph DARLING (1786 – 1858)
🔵1789 french revolution
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1800 ♦️32 (b.1804) J Stace Ben Button (1785) (1census) 8.3m (10.5m uk) (1.6m Scot /5m ire) (World 1 billion)
1821 ♦️16 (1Irish c)
1825 (1827) E Stace g2 (16) Ben Button (1818)
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🔵VICTORIAN ERA 1837 1901
♦️Isaac DARLING (1822 – 1890)
1841 15.9m (EngWales) 8.2m Ireland
♦️Joseph DARLING (1848 – 1917)
1850 ♦️ 8 (1844) C Button g’g’parents 16.8m
🔵ROMANTIC ERA 1850 1920
1875 ♦️4
♦️George DARLING (1875 – 1933)
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🔵Edwardian Period 1901 1910
1900 ♦️2 30.5m 4m Ireland
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MODERN ERA 1914➡️
♦️♦️Robert BROWN (1913 – 1974) DAD ♦️♦️
♦️♦️Esther DARLING (1913 – 2007) MUM ♦️♦️
1914 World War I 1918
INTERBELLUM 1927 world pop 2 billion
1939 World War II 1945
1944 (Auschwitz 400,000 murdered) Joan born 6th Nov
1946 ♦️Wes April
1951 41.2m
1960 world pop 3 billion
1974 world pop 4 billion
1987 world pop 5 billion
1999 world pop 6 billion
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2000 49.1m
2011 world pop 7 billion
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I am an Amateur Gynaecologist with a love of Maidenhair Ferns and a fondness for interpreting Vermeer's Paintings as Metaphors ...

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