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List of Monarchs from 1066

➡️HIGH MIDDLE AGES

🈴NORMANDY
1066⭕️William I 1066 – 1087 (William the Conqueror)
1087⭕️William II (WC Son) (no Issue)
1100⭕️Henry I (WC Son) (No sons) daughter Matilda
1135⭕️Stephen (WC nephew) Mother Adela (1141 Empress Matilda 8 mths)

🈴PLANTAGENET (ANJOU) Planta genista (broom)
1154 ⭕️Henry II (son of Matilda m.Geoff PLANTAGENET) curtmantle
1163 🔹Foundation of NOTRE DAME
1189 ⭕️Richard I (H2 son) (Richard Coeur de Lion) (no Issue)
1199 ⭕️John Lackland (his brother) (Magna Carta)
PLANTAGENET
1216 ⭕️Henry III (son) 56 year reign
➡️LATE MIDDLE AGES
1272 ⭕️Edward I Longshanks
1307 ⭕️Edward II (routed at Bannockburn, and murdered in Berkeley Castle)
1327 ⭕️Edward III (plunged England into fruitless ‘100 Years War’)
1345 🔹Completion of NOTRE DAME
1377 ⭕️Richard II (deposed & died mysteriously in Pontefract Castle)
1399 ⭕️Henry IV (400m world pop )
Dep. 1399
🈴cadet house LANCASTER
The House of Lancaster

Henry IV

Bolingbroke. Orthodox, devout, son of John of Gaunt, and twice married. Buried at Canterbury.

The Crowning of Henry VI
The crowning of Henry VI
as a child
1413 ⭕️Henry V 1399 1413
Henry V

The warrior king. Married Katherine of France. Buried at Westminster Abbey.
1422 ⭕️Henry VI to 1461 (deposed)
1413 1422
Henry VI

Born at Windsor. Founder of Eton College. Murdered in the Tower of London. Buried first at Chertsey, afterwards at Windsor in St George’s Chapel.
1422 Dep. 1461
🈴Cadet house The House of York

Edward IV
1422 Dep. 1461
The House of York

Edward IV

Handsome, despotic, patron of the arts, married Elizabeth Woodville, a widow. Built the Choir of St. George’s Chapel and commenced the Nave. Buried at Windsor in St George’s Chapel.

Handsome, despotic, patron of the arts, married Elizabeth Woodville, a widow. Built the Choir of St. George’s Chapel and commenced the Nave. Buried at Windsor in St George’s Chapel.

1461 1483
Edward V

Reigned just four months, murdered, one of ‘The Princes in the Tower’. (See Richard III, below)

Buried first at Tower of London, afterwards at Westminster.

1483 1483
Richard III
1483 1483
Richard III

Killed at Battle of Bosworth Field on 22nd August 1485.

For centuries the whereabouts of his human remains was unknown. There is a memorial plaque in Leicester Cathedral where it was thought that he may have been buried, but that his body was moved during the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Another tradition had it that his body was thrown into the nearby River Soar, which means it could have ended up anywhere.

The mystery was finally solved when in August 2012 his remains were discovered under a car park in the city of Leicester. There is more information here.

1483 1485

Killed at Battle of Bosworth Field on 22nd August 1485.

For centuries the whereabouts of his human remains was unknown. There is a memorial plaque in Leicester Cathedral where it was thought that he may have been buried, but that his body was moved during the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Another tradition had it that his body was thrown into the nearby River Soar, which means it could have ended up anywhere.

The mystery was finally solved when in August 2012 his remains were discovered under a car park in the city of Leicester. There is more information here.
1445 🔹Sandro Botticelli
1450 🔹H Bosch
1452 (15th Apr) ➡️ LEONARDO DA VINCI
1455 🔹THE WAR OF THE ROSES 🔹 1485
1461 ⭕️Edward IV
1471 🔹Albrecht Durer
1473 🔹Copernicus
1483 ⭕️Edward V /⭕️Richard III
🈴TUDOR
1485 ⭕️ Henry VII
1500 Charles V Holy Roman Emperor (world pop 500m)
1503 ‘MONA LISA’

➡️EARLY MODERN ERA
1509 ⭕️ Henry VIII
🔹1519 (2nd May) Death of LEONARDO in France, probably caused by a stroke
1547 ⭕️ Edward VI
🔹1525 Pieter Breughal The Elder
1553 🔺Jane ⭕️Mary
🔹1554 Walter Raleigh
1558 ⭕️ Elizabeth I (No Issue)
🔹1564 William Shakespeare (d.1616)
🔹1564 Galileo
1567 Monteverdi
1571 Caravaggio
1577 Rubens
🔹1588 Spanish Armada
👤1595 William Tompkyn (♥️G9Grandfather)12 generations
1596 Descartes
🔹1599 Oliver Cromwell (25 April)
1599 Van Dyck

🈴STUART (1603)
➡️Union of England, Scotland & Ireland under one monarch, King James I
The closest relative to the childless Queen Elizabeth I of England,
(world pop 600m)
1603 ⭕️ James I ⬇️ Elizabeth ⬇️ Sophia ⬇️ George I
➡️1605 The Gunpowder Plot
1625 ⭕️ Charles I (Beheaded)
1649 THE COMMONWEALTH
1653 🔺Oliver Cromwell (d.1658) /Richard
1658 THE COMMONWEALTH II
THE RESTORATION PERIOD
1660 ⭕️ Charles II (no Issue)
🔹1667 Jonathan Swift
1685 ⭕️ James II (15 children) 1st wife Anne Hyde*b.
1688 THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION
➡️Dutch Armada x4 greater than the Spanish Armada
1689 ⭕️ William III & ⭕️ Mary (daughter of Ja**mes II) (d.1694,aged 32) (no Issue)
➡️1701 Act of Settlement (no papists) (700m world pop)
1702 ⭕️ Anne d.1714 (no issue)
➡️1707 1st May Act Of Union
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

🈴HANOVER (1714)
THE GEORGIAN ERA
1714 ⭕️ George I (1 August 1714) (Great-grandson of James VI and I)
1727 ⭕️ George II (11 June 1727 – 25 October 1760) (Son of George I)
==================================================
MID-MODERN ERA
1760 ⭕️ George III (25 October 1760) (Grandson of George II)
➡️George III suffered from porphyria, a debilitating disease which affected him as early as 1765 and through last years of his reign. He died blind, deaf and Insane.
1792 shelley
1809 tennyson (world pop 1b)
1812 dickens
1819 ruskin
1820 ⭕️ George IV (29 January 1820) (Son of George III)
1830 ⭕️ William IV (26 June 1830 – 20 June 1837) (Son of George III)
1830 Pissarro
1832 Louis Carroll
1834 Edward Degas
1834 J McNeil Whistler

VICTORIAN ERA
1837 ⭕️ Victoria 20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901 (Granddaughter of George III)
1840 Claude Monet
1841 Paul Renoir
1848 Paul Gauguin
1853 Van Gogh
1854 Oscar Wilde
1859 Arthur C Doyle
1864 Toulouse-Lautrec
1866 H G Wells
1881 P Picasso

MODERN ERA
World Population 1.66 billion

🈴SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA
1901 ⭕️Edward VII
1910 ⭕️George V

🈴WINDSOR (1917)
(George V changed name on because of wartime anti-German sentiment)
1936 ⭕️Edward VIII
1936 ⭕️George VI
1952 ⭕️Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary)