🟪intro

Widget 1➡️Mammalia  220

Subclass THERIA 160 (Shrew)

Cenozoic Era 65

🔵PALEOGENE PERIOD 65

🔹OLIGOCENE EPOCH 34 

🟪1PRIMATES

➡️🔸Hominoidea (Apes – Great Apes & Lesser Apes)  28

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WIDGET 2 ➡️➡️➡️➡️🔵NEOGENE PERIOD 23

➡️Hominids 15  

🔸Genus Homo starts splitting off from the chimpanzee Genus PAN 6

➡️hominins 3.3

THE PALEOLITHIC (STONE) AGE/ ICE AGE

LOWER PALEOLITHIC

🔹Homo erectus (Hominin)2.5

🔹Australopithecina 2.5

The Beginning of Pre-history (3.3m-5.3k)

🔵 QUATERNARY PERIOD 2.5 *

🔹PLEISTOCENE EPOCH (ICE AGE)2.58

The Paleolithic (Stone) Age

🔹Homo erectus (Hominin)2.5

GENUS HOMO 2.4

👤Homo habilis 2.3

Acheulean lithics appear along with Homo erectus, some 1.8 million years ago, replacing the more primitive Oldowan industry used by A. garhi and by the earliest species of Homo

The Ice Age lasts nearly 2 million years

MODERN MAN

🔺H.heidelbergensis 800 lives in Africa & Europe for 500 years

🔹MIDDLE PLEISTOCENE EPOCH 780

🔺H.neanderthalensis 430

Oldest surviving early human footprints 325

👤ROOT ANCESTOR / AMH 315  (Speciation begins) H.sapiens

PRIMATES (The Age of Humans) (Quartenary / Ice age/Stone age 800 Intermediates

The Beginning of Pre-history (3.3m-5.3k)

The Beginning of Pre-history (3.3m-5.3k)

🔵 QUATERNARY PERIOD 2.5 *

🔹PLEISTOCENE EPOCH (ICE AGE)2.58

The Paleolithic (Stone) Age

🔹Homo erectus (Hominin)2.5

GENUS HOMO 2.4

👤Homo habilis 2.3

Acheulean lithics appear along with Homo erectus, some 1.8 million years ago, replacing the more primitive Oldowan industry used by A. garhi and by the earliest species of Homo

The Ice Age lasts nearly 2 million years

MODERN MAN

🔺H.heidelbergensis 800 lives in Africa & Europe for 500 years 

🔹MIDDLE PLEISTOCENE EPOCH 780

🔺H.neanderthalensis 430

Oldest surviving early human footprints 325

👤ROOT ANCESTOR / AMH 315  (Speciation begins) H.sapiens

🔵 QUATERNARY PERIOD 2.5 *

🔹PLEISTOCENE EPOCH (ICE AGE)2.58

The Paleolithic (Stone) Age

🔹Homo erectus (Hominin)2.5

GENUS HOMO 2.4

👤Homo habilis 2.3

Acheulean lithics appear along with Homo erectus, some 1.8 million years ago, replacing the more primitive Oldowan industry used by A. garhi and by the earliest species of Homo

The Ice Age lasts nearly 2 million years

MODERN MAN

🔺H.heidelbergensis 800 lives in Africa & Europe for 500 years 

🔹MIDDLE PLEISTOCENE EPOCH 780

🔺H.neanderthalensis 430

Oldest surviving early human footprints 325

👤ROOT ANCESTOR / AMH 315  (Speciation begins) H.sapiens

The Beginning of Pre-history (3.3m-5.3k)

🔵 QUATERNARY PERIOD 2.5 *

🔹PLEISTOCENE EPOCH (ICE AGE)2.58

The Paleolithic (Stone) Age

🔹Homo erectus (Hominin)2.5

GENUS HOMO 2.4

👤Homo habilis 2.3

Acheulean lithics appear along with Homo erectus, some 1.8 million years ago, replacing the more primitive Oldowan industry used by A. garhi and by the earliest species of Homo

The Ice Age lasts nearly 2 million years

MODERN MAN

🔺H.heidelbergensis 800 lives in Africa & Europe for 500 years 

🔹MIDDLE PLEISTOCENE EPOCH 780

🔺H.neanderthalensis 430

Oldest surviving early human footprints 325

👤ROOT ANCESTOR / AMH 315  (Speciation begins) H.sapiens

Parvorder: CATARRHINI 32
  [Superfamily Cercopithicoidea (Old World Monkeys 🔸Family Cercopithecidae)]
👤Superfamily: Hominoidea
[Family Hylobatidae (The great and lesser apes (18 gibbons)]
👤Family: HOMINIDAE 15m (Hominids) (the great apes OGPH) 15
 Subfamily 1 Ponginae / tribe Pongini(orangs only)
🔸Genus Pongo: orangutans
 Bornean orangutan, P. pygmaeus
 Sumatran orangutan, P. abelii
Tapanuli orangutan, P. tapanuliensis
👤Subfamily 2 HOMININAE (Hominins 12) (African Apes HPG)  12
 Tribe: Gorillini 🔸Genus Gorilla
G. gorilla (Western) G. beringei (Eastern)
👤Tribe: HOMININI (H.P.) 12
 Sub-tribe: PANINA
🔸Genus Pan (chimpanzees)
Bonobo, P. paniscus
 Common chimpanzee P. troglodytes
P.t.verus / troglodytes / schweinfurthii (3 s/species)
👤Sub-tribe: HOMININA (Hominins) 8
7-6 🔹The earliest candidate for hominin status is 🔹Sahelanthropus tchadensis,
6.0 🔹Homo splits off from the chimpanzee Genus PAN
5.8 🔹Orrorin tugenensis, oldest human ancestor may have walked on two legs
5.5 🔹Ardipithecus, “proto-human” sim traits as chimps/gorillas, forest-dwelling

Pre-History
GENUS HOMO
The Age of Mammals

🔵PALEOGENE PERIOD 65

🔹PALEOCENE EPOCH 

🔹EOCENE EPOCH 56 

🔹OLIGOCENE EPOCH 34 

🔸Catarrhini  30 🔸Cercopithecoidea 

🔸Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys) 🔸Hylobatidae (Lesser Apes)

2️⃣🔸Hominoidea (Apes – Great Apes & Lesser Apes)28

🔵NEOGENE PERIOD 23

🔹MIOCENE EPOCH   

🔸Hominidae Hominids / great apes” 15             

🔸The 1st hominin: Sahelanthropus tchadensis 7.6

🔸Genus Homo starts splitting off from the chimpanzee Genus PAN 6

🔹PLIOCENE EPOCH 5.33 

🔸HOMININI (3 subtribes)

🔸PANINA (Chimps)

🔸AUSTRALOPITHICINA 2.5 

🔸HOMININA ~ 

🔸3.3m HOMININS using stone tools

🟪👤➡️3️⃣Catarrhini  30

30 Parvorder🔹Catarrhini “Downward-nosed” primates: apes and old-world monkeys

28 Family 🔹Hominoidea  (Apes – Great Apes & Lesser – Hylobatidae (gibbons)

🔹Miocene Epoch

🔸Hominidae Hominids / great apes” 15     

🔹Pliocene Epoch 5.33

🔸4.4 Ardipithecus Ramidus  begins to roam the earth. In many ways Ardi has more in common with modern humans than with apes

♦️3.9 Human-like apes of the Australopithecus Afarensis (“Lucy”) species begin to roam the earth. Not necessarily more human-like

AUSTRALOPITHICINA 2.5

2.5 QUATERNARY PERIOD ice age.Paleo/stone age  / Genus Homo

 

 

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