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Betty Broderick

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Art The Impressionists

Art The Impressionists

1839Paul Cézanne is born in Aix en Provence.

1830 Camille Pissarro is born in St. Thomas, West Indies.
1832 Edouard Manet is born in Paris.
1834 Edgar Degas is born to a rich banker and Creole mother.
1839 Paul Cézanne is born in Aix-en-Provence and Alfred Sisley is born in Paris.
1840 Claude Monet is born in Paris.
1841 Berthe Morisot is born, Pierre-Auguste Renoir is born in Limoges and Armand Guillaumin is born in Paris.
1848 Paul Gauguin is born in Paris.
1853 Vincent van Gogh is born in a small village near Antwerp.


Claude Monet is born in Paris.


Berthe Morisot is born in Bourges.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir is born in Limoges.


Vincent van Gogh is born in Groot Zundert, a Dutch village near the Belgian border.


Georges Seurat is born in Paris.


In Paris, Cézanne fails the Ecole des Beaux-Arts entrance exam.

Manet comes into an inheritance; he paints La Musique aux Tuileries and meets Degas, who is beginning to paint race scenes at Longchamp. In Paris Cézanne fails the Ecole des Beaux-Arts entrance exam. Monet is working in Le Havre.
1863 Manet exhibits at Martinet’s gallery in Paris. Cézanne studies at the Académie Suisse in Paris; Monet works in the forest of Fontainebleau, and Morisot works at Pontoise. On Jan.15 the Salon des Refusés opens, a special exhibition of works refused by the Salon of 1863. It contains works by Manet, Cézanne, Pissarro, Guillaumin, and James A. M. Whistler.
1865 Manet’s second exhibition at Martinet’s is well received, but Olympia at the Salon arouses a storm. Pissarro, Renoir and Morisot are well received at the Salon. Monet shares a studio with Frédéric Bazille.
1869 Café Guerbois becomes the favorite center of the Impressionists. Monet becomes a regular at the café. Pissarro works at Bougival with Renoir, who has one work accepted by the Salon.
1873 Manet’s Bon Bock is well received at the Salon, and he meets Stéphane Mallarmé, a passionate literary proponent of Impressionism. One of Degas’ pastels is bought by the American Mrs. Havemeyer. Pissarro’s pictures fetch fairly high prices at auction. Monet, now working in Argenteuil, takes up the plan first suggested in 1867 for a group Impressionist exhibition. Renoir enters art dealer Paul Durand-Ruel’s stable, meets Guillaumin, and has a considerable success at the Exposition des Refusés.

Salon des Refusés opens Jan. 15, exhibiting works refused by the Paris Salon.

Manet’s Déjeuner sur l’herbe creates a scandal at the Salon des Refusés.

Manet paints Olympia with Victorine Meurent as model.


Manet’s Olympia exhibited at the Paris Salon is greeted by jeers and derision.


Manet paints Lunch in the Studio, of his son Léon and maid.


Renoir paints La Grenouillère at Chatou, a locale referred to in “Girl with a Watering Can.”

Monet paints La Grenouillère alongside Renoir.


Franco-Prussian War interrupts Impressionist exhibitions.

Manet paints Repose, a portrait of Berthe Morisot holding a fan.

Monet paints Camille on the Beach at Trouville.

Claude Monet marries Camille Doncieux, his mistress and mother of his son.


Manet paints Berthe Morisot.


Monet paints Impression: Sunrise giving the new movement its name. Art critic Louis Leroy first uses the term “Impressionism” derisively in a review.


Monet paints Camille in Field of Poppies, Argenteuil.


The first Impressionist exhibition is held in Paris. Monet, Morisot, and Renoir exhibit.


Renoir paints Ball at the Moulin de la Galette.

Renoir paints Girl with a Watering Can and The Swing.

The second Impressionist exhibition is held in Paris with 20 participants.

Monet paints Pond at Montgeron with Alice Hoschedé fishing, and The Hunt at Rottembourg.

1877 The third Impressionist exhibition is held in Paris with 18 participants. Cézanne joins.


Manet paints Plum Brandy at the café Nouvelle-Athènes.

Camille Monet gives birth to a son, Michel, in March, and becomes ill.


The fourth Impressionist exhibition is held in Paris with 15 participants.

Morisot paints Eté, (Summer), two women in a rowing boat.

Renoir paints Oarsmen at Chatou

Camille Monet dies in September.


The fifth Impressionist exhibition is held in Paris with 18 participants.

Morisot paints two versions of the wet nurse with baby Julie.


The sixth Impressionist exhibition is held in Paris with 13 participants.

Manet becomes seriously ill.

Manet paints Suzon in Bar at the Folies-Bergère.


Manet is awarded the star of Chevalier of Legion of Honor.

The seventh Impressionist exhibition is held in Paris with 9 participants

1882 Seventh exhibition in Paris; nine participants. Manet shows Le Bar aux Folies-Bergère at the Salon.

Manet dies, April 30

1883 Manet dies on April 30. Durand-Ruel arranges a series of one-man exhibitions in his new gallery: Monet in March, Renoir in April, Pissarro in May, Sisley in June.

Monet in March, Renoir in April, Pissarro in May, Sisley in June.


Suzanne Manet auctions Manet’s paintings.


Cézanne begins to paint Mont Sainte-Victoire near Aix-en-Provence.

Van Gogh paints The Potato Eaters, his first major painting, in Nuenen, The Netherlands.


Seurat paints A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte.


The eighth and last Impressionist exhibition, after which the group disperses.

1886 Final exhibition in Paris; 17 participants. Durand-Ruel has successful American exhibition.
1890 Vincent van Gogh dies at Auvers-sur-Oise.
1895 Berthe Morisot dies.
1899 Alfred Sisley dies.
1903 Paul Gauguin dies at Atuana, Marquesas Islands.
1906 Paul Cézanne dies.
1917 Edgar Degas dies.
1919 Pierre-Auguste Renoir dies.
1926 Claude Monet dies at Giverny.

Van Gogh paints the postman Joseph Roulin, two Portrait[s] of Armand Roulin, Café Terrace on the Place du Forum, The Yellow House, Gauguin’s Chair, Madame Roulin, Still Life with Sunflowers, The Starry Night


Van Gogh dies at Auvers-sur-Oise at 37 years.

Monet acquires the house in Giverny and begins digging a pond.


Berthe Morisot dies at 54; George Seurat dies at 32.


Alice Hoschedé marries Claude Monet, July, after the death of Ernest Hoschedé.


Monet buys meadow to make a water garden at Giverny, plans a Japanese footbridge.


Monet first uses Japanese bridge as a painting subject.


Cézanne dies at 67 years.


Monet enlarges the water garden.


Monet burns thirty canvases.


Monet’s water garden is devastated by flooding on the Seine and Epte.


Renoir dies at 78 years.


Monet begins the large Nymphèas series now in l’Orangerie, Paris.


Claude Monet dies at Giverny at 86 years.