2️⃣ Venus

Venus is the second planet from the Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days.[12] It has the longest rotation period (243 days) of any planet in the Solar System and rotates in the opposite direction to most other planets (meaning the Sun would rise in the west and set in the east).[13] It does not have any natural satellites. It is named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty. It is the second-brightest natural object in the night sky after the Moon, reaching an apparent magnitude of −4.6 – bright enough to cast shadows at night and, rarely, visible to the naked eye in broad daylight.[14][15] Orbiting within Earth’s orbit, Venus is an inferior planet and never appears to venture far from the Sun; its maximum angular distance from the Sun (elongation) is 47.8°.


Venus The Venusian symbol, a circle with a small equal-armed cross beneath it
Venus-real color.jpg

A real-colour image of Venus taken by Mariner 10 processed from two filters. The surface is obscured by thick sulfuric acid clouds.
Pronunciation /ˈvnəs/ (About this sound listen)
Adjectives Venusian or (rarely) Cytherean, Venerean
Orbital characteristics[2][4]
Epoch J2000
  • 0.728213 AU
  • 108,939,000 km
  • 0.718440 AU
  • 107,477,000 km
  • 0.723332 AU
  • 108,208,000 km
Eccentricity 0.006772[1]
583.92 days[2]
35.02 km/s
Satellites None
Physical characteristics
Mean radius
  • 6,051.8±1.0 km[5]
  • 0.9499 Earths


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